Essabrari Hafsa1, Nahiz Oussama2
THE PROBLEM OF FAKE NEWS
Fake news refers to viral posts that intentionally disseminate misinformation to mislead readers and promote particular ideas. Fake news is as old as the media industry itself. With the emergence of new technologies, a growing number of fake news has been recorded. Moreover, online social media has offered wide opportunities and spaces for non-journalists to be involved in journalistic activities, (e.g: Produce journalistic articles, or news), which has led to the advent of the citizen journalism concept. The lack of expertise of citizen journalists induced the rapid and wide spread of false information, which has resulted in many adverse consequences. For instance, fake news convinces users to accept biased information and influences the way individuals used to react to real news. Fake news may cause a negative impact on society, it creates social unrest and social stress. More particularly, during pandemic times, the spread of fake news can exacerbate the social damage.
NEWS COLLECTOR: A PARTICULAR WAY TO FIGHT FAKE NEWS
News collector is an automatic search engine that collects news from official sources. In this period of time, covid-19 official news are provided by different institutions and official media sources such as the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Interior, and MAP.
The collected information is published in a dedicated webpage http://mobadarat.ma/news.php where content is updated periodically.
The news collector tool has been developed based on the following process:
Identify news sources: We identified, as a start, to work with two news sources: The ministry of Health and the Map Anti Corona portal,
Analyze the structure of every page of the trusted sources by a meticulous reading of the HTML code. The goal is to find a standard structure to retrieve the news information from the pages
Build a scraper of the pages using nodejs, axios and cheerio technologies
Run the scraper periodically to collect the latest news
Publish the site under http://mobadarat.ma/news.php
Publish the source code under this repository.
If you identify a news trusted news source, please let us know by email.
Some difficulties include:
Some pages are protected therefore we needed to change the user-agent in order to get access
the news articles do not have a clear timestamp (exact date and time).
News articles are published in a closed format (e.g. closed pdf). This makes the automatic reading of the content almost impossible. For example, the articles published in the department of Administration Reform
FUTURE POTENTIAL IMPROVEMENTS
As this work is still at its infancy, we encourage interested volunteers to support this effort.
Urgent actions include:
Do you want to help us? Contact us
1Student at 1337,firstname.lastname@example.org
2Freelance developer && Student at 1337, Useit015@gmail.com